Q. In 1 John 5:8 who are the three who testify and what do they testify to?
A. The Spirit is the Holy Spirit who dwells within us and leads us to the truth. The phrase “came by water” in 1 John 5:6 refers to His birth as a human. We’re all born in water. The blood refers to His death, shed for the remission of our sins. So we have three witnesses, the Holy Spirit who is the Truth, and the Lord’s birth and His death, both of which are confirmed in history. These three witnesses testify to the validity of our faith that God has given eternal life to those who believe (1 John 5:11-12).