Dual Fulfillment Prophecies

Q. “Regarding Prophecy – what is the significance of Prophecy that is fulfilled twice ( ie Historically and Futuristically) – the Abomination of Desolation occurred in AD70 and will occur in the future also the Roman Empire was in charge in the time of Jesus and will be in the future does this mean that the end times will be a repeat of the time Jesus was on earth ? What other prophecies do you think are dual fulfilled?”

A. The Abomination of Desolation occurred in 168 BC, not 70 AD, and the Seleucid (Greek) Emperor Antiochus Epiphanes was in charge. It is a model of what will happen again, but that doesn’t mean life on Earth will be like it was in 168 BC. It simply means that the event itself will be recognized because of its similarity to its first occurrence. That’s the purpose of dual fulfillment. The first fulfillment is always incomplete and confirms the fact that another fulfillment is coming. The first fulfillment is called a partial fulfillment for that reason. There are a dozen or more prophecies that either have already had a dual fulfillment or will have.

One having to do with the Birth of Jesus is a particularly clear example.

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this (Isaiah 9:6-7).

Of these two verses, the child was born, the Son was given. All the rest awaits future fulfillment. But the fact that the prophecy was partially fulfilled proves that ultimately it will all be fulfilled.

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