Does the Holy Spirit leave the Earth when the rapture happens?
I believe the restraining influence of the Holy Spirit will be removed from the earth when the Church is raptured (2 Thes. 2:7). But the Holy Spirit Himself will not leave. Once the Church has joined up with Jesus in the rapture the Holy Spirit’s role as a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance (Ephes. 1:13-14) will be complete, and He will resume a position similar to His Old Testament relationship with mankind. He will be with believers and will come upon them in power from time to time, but will no longer be sealed within them (1 Samuel 16:14, Psalm 51:11). Because a great many people will be saved during the end times judgments (Rev. 7:9), I believe He will also continue to convict men of their sins and draw them to the Lord for salvation as He always has.