Life On Earth In The Millennium

A Bible Study by Jack Kelley

Hal Lindsey once speculated that at his judgment Satan hurled two accusations at God. “You’re not just and You have no love.” In past studies we have seen how God demonstrated His perfect justice through Israel and His perfect love through the Church.  In this study, we’ll talk about a time in the future when both perfect justice and perfect love will govern the lives of people on Earth.

Israel lived under an absolutely just system of law. It was clear and concise, made no exceptions, and showed no favoritism. There was blessing for obedience and punishment for disobedience in an obvious cause and effect relationship. What they did determined what they got. God said to them, “Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.” (Exodus 19:5-6)

The Church has showcased the incomparable riches of God’s grace. We’re the most blessed of any group of humanity and the only thing asked of us is that we accept by faith the free gift of salvation, purchased in advance for us with God’s own life. Yes, God is pleased if we live our lives in a manner that expresses our gratitude to Him, and rewards us for doing so, but the only thing He requires is that we believe in the one He has sent. Then they asked Him, “What must we do to do the work God requires?” He answered, “The work of God is this, to believe in the one He has sent”(John 6:28-29).

In the Kingdom Age believers will be saved by faith, like the Church, but will be required to keep the Law as evidence of their belief, like Israel. I say this because it’s pretty clear that salvation by grace through faith alone will end with the rapture of the Church.  Otherwise there would be no need for a temple in Israel during the Millennium, with all nations being required to make an annual pilgrimage to Israel to observe the Feast of Tabernacles (Zech. 14:16-19).  Also, Isaiah 2:2-3 says all nations will stream to the Lord’s Temple.  The Lord will teach them His ways and they will walk in His paths, and the Law (Torah) will go out from Zion and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.

Therefore, perfect justice and perfect love will be combined. This will be God’s final answer to Satan and His final attempt to dwell among His people in peace. Will it work, or like Israel and the Church before it, will the Kingdom Age end in failure?

We’ve only talked about Law and Grace but there were actually four other attempts at peaceful coexistence between God and man leading up to them. For a complete understanding of man’s history with his Creator, we’ll need to review these others as well. They’re called dispensations, or administrations, and all together there are seven of them.

The 7 Dispensations

Throughout history God has dealt with His people in different ways as part of the process of revealing His character. Each of these dispensations has begun with an agreement between God and man that man subsequently violated, ending the relationship in failure and requiring a judgment from God.

1) Innocence … Between the Creation and the Fall of Man God interacted freely and personally with man. Man was created immortal and while he had agency (the power of choice) he didn’t have a sin nature. God placed Adam and Eve in His garden and gave them only one restriction. They were not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.  But they violated this restriction and were expelled from the Garden. Adam, Eve, and the Serpent were all judged, the Creation was cursed, and sin entered the world.

2) Conscience … Between the Fall of Man and the Great Flood God allowed man’s conscience to rule without Divine interference. Because of man’s newly acquired sin nature, the result of this was “the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” (Genesis 6:5) After repeated warnings, God destroyed all but 8 members of the Human race in the Great Flood.

3) Human Government … from Noah to the Tower of Babel. After the Flood, God allowed man to establish his first system of government. But the people disobeyed God’s commandment to go forth and replenish the Earth, setting about instead to build a great city and a tower to protect themselves from another flood. They also used the tower to study astrology, a corruption of the Gospel that God had written in the stars using the names of 12 constellations. So God gave each of the 70 families of man a unique language that other families weren’t able to understand. This caused confusion and distrust among the people and they drifted apart to be scattered through out the world, and God destroyed the tower.

4) Promise … God set Abraham’s descendants apart as His Chosen People and promised Abraham and Sarah a son through whom He said He would bless the world. But they grew tired of waiting for Him to keep His promise, and produced a son on their own, calling him Ishmael. Later, when God gave them Isaac, the son He had promised, Ishmael was sent away causing bad blood between Ishmael (Arabs) and Isaac (Jews) that continues to this day.

5) Law … from Mt. Sinai to Pentecost. After God brought the Israelites out of Egypt, He gave Moses the 10 Commandments and offered the Israelites the land He had promised to Abraham along with a life of peace and plenty if they obeyed His Law. After 2000 years of vacillating between obedience and rebellion that resulted in them rejecting the Messiah, God finally had enough, expelled them from their land, and dispersed them throughout the world. (But not forever.  The Dispensation of Law was interrupted seven years short of its allotted time. After the Rapture, during the final 7 years, also known as Daniel’s 70th Week, Israel will have one final chance to live in obedience to God and accept their Messiah.)

6) Grace … The Church Age. No longer requiring that righteousness be earned through obedience to the Law, God imputed His own righteousness to man by grace through faith in the completed work of the Lord Jesus, promising eternal blessing and a place in His own house to all who accept. It was the most outrageously lavish gift ever bestowed, free for the asking. But by the end of the Age of Grace most of humanity will have rejected His gift, choosing instead to live on their own terms, betting that either God doesn’t exist, or if He does He’ll allow them into His kingdom anyway. After removing the relative few who have accepted His gift so they’ll be safe with Him, He’ll punish the rest through the most severe time of judgment ever visited on Earth.

7) Kingdom … the 1000 Year Reign of the Lord, also known as the Millennium. At its outset Satan will be bound, all unbelievers will be expelled from the planet, the curse will be removed, and God will once again dwell in the midst of His people. You’d think that finally man could live in a manner pleasing to Him. Whether he will or not is the subject of our study.

Who Are You Calling A Failure?

Some in the Church might question the view that the Age of Grace has been a failure, but that’s because we’re among the few who have accepted the Lord’s free gift of pardon and will therefore enjoy its benefits. Remember, God’s desire is to reconcile us to Himself (Colossians 1:19-20). He doesn’t want for any to perish, but for all to come to repentance (2 Peter 3:9). And yet over the last 2,000 years most people have turned down His gift and gone their own way. After doing everything He could, short of violating man’s free will and forcing him to accept the pardon He offered, most of mankind will have rejected Him. Can you blame Him for being so angry as to unleash the full fury of His wrath against them?

Even in the Church, the response to God’s gift of eternal Life has been more apathy than adoration. When less than 10% of people who claim to be born again have adopted a Biblical world view, it’s clear that there’s been a serious disconnect between His gift and our gratitude. When compared to God’s desire the Age of Grace has been a failure.

This is no more of a surprise to God than the outcome of His previous attempts. He doesn’t do things so He can see how we’ll respond. He already knows that. He does things so we can see how we’ll respond. Paul said every thing that was written in the past was written to teach us. (Romans 15:4)  So far the lesson has been that no matter what God has done to draw us near, man is untrustworthy and rebellious, pushing God away and bringing judgment upon himself as a result.

Now For The Kingdom

Before we go on, let’s remind ourselves that the Church will be in the New Jerusalem during the Millennium and not on Earth.  The people on earth will be Israel and surviving Gentiles from the Great tribulation, all believers, who will populate the nations.  Still being in their natural state, they’ll soon be  joined by the children they will bear.

OK, so what about the Kingdom Age, will it be a failure too? A study of the Kingdom Age shows that at the beginning, life will be as close to heaven on earth as one could imagine.  There will be peace on Earth and goodwill toward men, just like the angel promised to the shepherds on the night of the Lord’s birth (Luke 2:14).  The creation, freed from the bondage of the curse, will be responding eagerly to mankind’s husbandry, with harvests so plentiful that it will be time for planting a new crop before they can finish bringing the old crop in (Amos 9:13).  Perfect weather and overflowing bounty will make work a joy instead of a burdensome toil. Long life spans will return as sickness and disease again become rare occurrences (Isaiah 65:20). “Once again men and women of ripe old age will sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each with cane in hand because of his age. The city streets will be filled with boys and girls playing there” (Zech. 8:4-5). This will be true throughout the world because the Lord will settle all disputes between the nations.  They will not take up arms against each other, nor will they even  train for war anymore (Isaiah 2:4).  Every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree and no one will make them afraid (Micah 4:4).

The Bible only mentions one Temple in the Millennium.  It will be in Israel and daily sacrifices will again be the norm, administered by the Levitical priesthood.  The Millennial Temple will be quite different from the historical Temples.  There will be no incense altar, no menorah, no ark of the covenant, and no wash basin.  The veil between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies will be replaced by a wooden screen, and the entire interior will be covered in wood rather than gold, as in former temples.   Of the Levitical feasts, they will celebrate only Passover (no lamb), Unleavened Bread, and Tabernacles, with world wide representation only required for Tabernacles (Ezekiel 40-46).  Although the Bible doesn’t say this, I imagine the rest of the world will utilize some form of the synagogue system of worship, first developed by Ezekiel during the Babylonian captivity and still in use today.

We’re only given glimpses of the beginning and end of the Kingdom Age, but because of the shocking difference in the two, we can surmise that after a period of time things start going downhill fast. The Lord’s administration will be just but inflexible. He’ll rule them with a rod of iron and His punishment for disobedience will be harsh and swift. For example, nations who refuse to participate in the annual Feast of Tabernacles will not receive any rainfall (Zech. 14:16-19).

But natural man has a sin nature and will eventually rebel against the Lord’s rule.  Psalm 2 tells the story.

Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One.
“Let us break their chains,” they say, “and throw off their fetters.”

The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them. Then he rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying, “I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill.” (Psalm 2:1-6)

Once again created beings will presume to free themselves from the rule of their Creator. But the King ruling the Earth was put there by God Himself, and that makes Him the King of their kings. Then He’ll remind them of their position in the hierarchy.

I will proclaim the decree of the LORD : He said to me, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father. Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. You will rule them with an iron scepter; you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”

Therefore, you kings, be wise; be warned, you rulers of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry and you be destroyed in your way, for his wrath can flare up in a moment. Blessed are all who take refuge in him. (Psalm 2:7-12)

In an event that was later modeled in the Biblical adoption ceremony (Galatians 4:4-7), the Father formally named His Son heir of His estate and bequeathed His inheritance to Him. All the nations are His, and He has the authority to rule them as He pleases. Man’s choice will be to obey or suffer the consequences. Obedience will be rewarded with blessing, but rebellion will bring destruction.

We’re neither told how many will be saved during the Millennium, nor what their destiny will be.  What we are told is at the end of the 1000 year Kingdom Age Satan will be freed and will have no trouble recruiting a large army from among the nations for one last attempt to regain his lost empire. He’ll find a ready audience for his deception and his army will soon be as numerous as the grains of sand on the seashore.  From all over the world they’ll come to surround God’s people and His Holy City. But in one sudden burst of flame from Heaven they’ll be devoured and Satan will be cast into the Lake of Fire for eternity (Rev. 20:7-10).  Once again, man rebels, God judges and another Age ends in failure.

Then the end will come, when he (Jesus) hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For he “has put everything under his feet” (Psalm 8:6).

Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ. When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. (1 Cor. 15:24-28)

At that point, God’s response to Satan’s accusations will be complete, and His judgment will be final. Heaven and Earth will be purified. Eternity will begin, and God will reign supreme. Hallelujah!  02-28-15

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  • Nancy Stokes

    This is a great explanation! I love you Jack!

  • Ddenney1

    ANOTHER GREAT ARTICLE I SHARE THEM ALOT!! I know God still works in this world it is just the unbeliever can not see it!! If you are a believe it is hard to see why they can not see it but that was always promised that the unbeliever would be deceived!!! God gave mankind every chance in many different times and ways as you describe!! I think God does still punish as we rebel but I think the most common way is to let us fend for ourselves for as long as we can take it!! I also KNOW he is there to take us back when we ask!!!

  • Judy Evans

    Wow, this is a really neat article!

  • Reed Robertson


  • Cynthia Loftis

    What a great, great article. Thank you so much!!

  • Larry Wolff

    Another great read, thank you. I mentioned to you the other day I have been steering some folks from my church towards your site, this morning the deacon stood up and told the congregation they all should get on your mailing list at gracethurfaith, about how scripturally sound you were and it would be a blessing. I saw people writing down the info. It really makes me happy, because people will have a better relationship with the Lord due to the common sense understanding that you help present so well.
    I’m with Nancy stokes in her sentiment, In the name of Jesus.

    • gracethrufaith

      Thank you. All our growth is by word of mouth and we truly appreciate your help in introducing others to

  • Joe Collins

    Yes very nice word to read but I really feel sorry for those who refuse to believe in our Lord Jesus

  • Anita

    I absolutely loved this article! My mind has a really hard time getting a hold of the idea that there will be a time that grace by faith alone will be gone during the tribulation and millennial reign of Jesus Christ. No matter how many times I have read your analysis it just seems weird that Christ would pay for all sins past present and future by His death, burial and resurrection and then still require the law in a future dispensation.

    • gracethrufaith

      If you think of the Age of Grace as being a departure from God’s normal program in order to give the Church a special blessing, it makes more sense. It’s part of His plan use the Church to demonstrate the incomparable riches of His grace in ages yet to come (Ephes 2:7).

  • Karen

    I have heard many pastor cover Dispensations. In their detail I would never catch what they were trying to teach. In one article, simply written, I have grasped the concept. Thank you so much for continually teach at a level which I can understand.

  • gracethrufaith
    • Kathy Meikle

      Thank you so much. I never cease to be amazed at Scripture and I really appreciate your efforts to help us understand. I read the article, related Scripture verses and I can see the truth there. I’m going to spend some time looking through your archives. No matter how many years I study, there is always more.

  • gracethrufaith

    Yes. The raptured Church will be in the New Jerusalem during this time. There will be no more temptation and no more sin.

    “Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life” (Rev. 21:27).

    • beckyblanton

      Praise God for that!!!

    • Dennis

      I am very blessed by your ministry, I pray you will always remain in our Fathers will. My question is, will we travel to and fro between the New Jerusalem and earth? Thank You

      • gracethrufaith

        The Bible does not reveal any details about our life in the New Jerusalem. My personal opinion is that we will have the ability to travel back and forth just as the Lord did after His resurrection.

    • ProudVeteran

      “No more Temptation and No more sin” sounds like heaven to me. Sin can and does destroy a person, especially us who have Christ as our conscience. I would have it no other way for myself.

  • gracethrufaith

    1 Thes. 4:17 says once we’re raptured we will always be with the Lord. But that doesn’t necessarily mean we’ll be at His side 24/7.

    Think of it this way. Once a man and woman are married they are said to be with each other. But the husband goes to his job and the wife goes to hers, and they might have several other separate activities, but they are still with each other.

    • Andes

      Thank you. I understand the concept, but I have never been led in my understanding from my reading of scripture that it will be this way. The bible seems to say that we will rule with Christ in His kingdom. The parable of the servants who were rewarded were given responsibilities. It says we will inherit the earth and rule and reign with Him on His throne. I only see that we now await a Savior from heaven, not that we will await a Savior from earth. I just don’t see that anywhere. Revelation 20 defines the first ressurection as a time when the (blessed) dead are raised to rule in the earthly kingdom. As Paul says “we shall all be raised”. Thank you.

      • gracethrufaith

        There is no conflict between our views on this. The Bible does say we will reign on Earth (Rev. 5:10) but as I’ve shown we won’t live there. At one time the King of England reigned over Hong Kong, India, Australia, Canada, and Great Britain without ever leaving London. Certainly if he, a mere mortal could do that then we as immortals should be able to reign on Earth while living in the New Jerusalem.

        Also the believers who are raised to reign with Christ at the 2nd Coming are not part of the church, They are tribulation martyrs who will come to faith after the rapture and be martyred during the Great Tribulation.

        The Resurrection mentioned in Rev. 20:4 is the last phase of the first resurrection which began with the Lord, will continue with the Church at the time of the rapture and will be complete at the 2nd Coming.

  • gracethrufaith

    Hi Becky … I answered a question like this the other day. Here’s the link

  • gracethrufaith

    I think you might be confusing the Jewish people with Israel. Salvation is just as free and available to Jewish people in the dispensation of Grace as it is to gentiles, and those who accept it will become part of the Church. God does have a different plan for Israel, but its not “plan B”. It was offered to Israel long before the Church was born.

    No one knows how many Jewish people have accepted Jesus as their Messiah in the last 2,000 years but I’m convinced it’s many more than we imagine.

    • SmartLawyer

      Thank you for the response. God bless and keep you.

  • Robert

    Greatttttttt article and many tks, luv ya bro,,,,,,robbbbbbbbb

  • gracethrufaith

    There is nothing in the Bible about eternity, so the idea that the New Jerusalem will eventually become part of earth is only an opinion. We’ll have to wait and see.

  • scott

    Didn’t Jesus (the gospel writers) and Paul write that out of the body is to be present with the Lord and we will be forever be with the Lord. I assume this is in death and through the rapture. I would assume that we would be on earth with Christ ruling and reigning. Also, doesn’t the appearance of the New Jerusalem come after the millennium in chapter 21 of Revelation verse 2?

    • gracethrufaith

      You’re combining two different ideas. In 2 Cor. 5:6-8 Paul was talking about the fact that when believers die our spirits go directly to be with the Lord. In 1 Thes. 4:16-17 he said that after the rapture we will always be with the Lord.

      In my study entitled The Sequence of Events in Rev. 20-22 I show why traditional understanding of these chapters as you’ve summarized them is inaccurate. Here’s a link to that study:

  • gracethrufaith

    The Bible is clear that after the Church Age ends animal sacrifice will resume in Israel. Daniel 9:27 speaks of this during Daniel’s 70th Week and Ezekiel 40-46 describe it taking place throughout the Millennium.

    here’s a link to my study on this topic.

  • rebeccadewhirst

    Thank you for clarifying the 1000 year reign…I was confusing it with the rapture and getting confused… glad I can pass this on to others who ask.