Where in the Bible does it require prayer before meals?
The Bible does not specifically require praying before eating. The practice apparently originated with Jesus who gave thanks before feeding the 5,000 (Matt. 14:19) and the 4,000 (Matt. 15:36), at the last supper (Luke 22:17), and before eating with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:30).
Paul also followed this practice, praying with the men before distributing food aboard a ship caught in a storm while sailing to Rome (Acts 27:35).
Orthodox Jews typically say grace too, but do so after the meal.
Giving thanks for our daily food is a way of acknowledging our gratitude for God’s role in our daily provision.