Q. I thank God for this web site and for the wisdom and insight that He has given you. Zechariah 1:18-20 speaks of four horns that “represent the nations that scattered Judah, Israel and Jerusalem.” Would this be a representation of the procession of nations envisioned by Daniel. (Daniel 7:2-7,15-17)? What might the blacksmiths represent, mentioned right after the four horns in verses 20-21?
A. Zechariah 1:18-21 is the second of eight visions Zechariah had on the same night concerning Israel and its enemies. Many scholars believe there’s a commonality between the four horns of Zechariah 1 and the four beasts of Daniel 7. Both appear to be describing Babylon, Persia, Greece and Rome. Since the four craftsmen of verses 20-21 appear in the same vision to terrify the 4 horns, they could represent Cyrus for defeating Babylon, Alexander for conquering Persia, Judas Maccabeus for the Greeks under Antiochus Epiphanes, and Jesus for the ultimate destruction of Rome.