I read an article by a respected end times scholar that the Sheep and Goat judgment is for Gentiles. I assume that must be because of the questions asked by Jesus as to what they did or did not do for His brethren, Christ considered was done unto Him. That seems a bit like “good deeds” added to faith? But my main question is since the believing remnant flees to Petra, do we assume all that didn’t flee did not become believers but perished?
The reason to believe the sheep and goat judgment is for gentiles is because the Bible says so. The Greek word translated nations in Matt. 25:32 also means gentiles. The age of Grace ends with the rapture. After that, people will need to give evidence of their belief (Rev. 14:12). But the world will hate the Jews so much that helping them would put one’s life in jeopardy. Only a believer would take such a risk.
The believing remnant consists of Jews who flee to Petra from Israel at the beginning of the Great Tribulation. In Ezekiel 39:28 the Lord said he’ll gather His people from around the world, not leaving any behind. This takes place at the end of Ezekiel’s battle. So it appears that all believing Jews will be in Israel when the 70th Week begins and will flee to Petra 3 1/2 years later.
According to Matt. 24:40-41 all believers who survive the end times judgments will be received into the Millennium (taken), while all unbelievers will be put away for judgment (left). This applies to Jews and Gentiles alike.